The Indus River is the backbone of Ladakh — all major towns historically and currently are located close to the Indus river. Shey, Leh, Basgo, and Tingmosgang, are situated on the banks of the Indus river.
Indus valley strategically the most important part of Leh is a large valley formed by the main channel of the Indus River as it flows across Ladakh. It includes parts of Leh district, the Skardu region and the vast cold desert beyond. This valley consists of large stretches of undulating lands interspersed by high mountains across which there are many passes.
Indus valley region comprises of some of the least explored places of Ladakh. The popular Indus valley trek inludes places like Temisgong and Likkir and monastries like Alchi gompa.